3 Ways to Prevent MalariaApril 06, 2015

Australia was declared “malaria free” by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1981, but it doesn't mean there won't be another case. The northern parts are not far away from the island of New Guinea, where most areas possess a warm humid climate throughout the year. This is amenable to mosquito growth and survival, and only female Anopheles mosquitoes can transmit malaria.

Malaria is caused by a one-celled parasite called a Plasmodium. After the human is bitten by the Anopheles mosquito, the parasite travels through the blood stream and into the liver. Mating and reproduction follow, which will have an effect on the body. The usual symptoms are fever, headache, and vomiting. Severe cases include coma and death.

Most of the Australian landscape is dry, so the chances of finding standing water is slim. It's true that the southern parts enjoy temperate climate, while the weather pattern in the northern regions is not so different from what tropical countries normally expect. Keep in mind that the cure (to malaria) is accessible. But this is not the case in other countries. The economic situation is a factor. Location is another. (There are high cases of malaria in Southeast Asia.) Malaria can be prevented, but it would not still be possible.

According to WHO, malaria caused an estimated 584,000 deaths in 2013. Most of the victims were African children.

World Malaria Day is observed on April 25. Those who are not afflicted with this illness must help those who are affected with it. (We live in a global village.) It means finding an affordable remedy to those who are experiencing the symptoms. If you're in a tropical region, then you must read this. Everyone must know, as non-immune travellers from malaria-free areas are vulnerable to the disease.

Here are three things to do:

Check your surrounding. Mosquitoes breed on standing water. Make sure you won't see one in your area. However, there are cases where you can do nothing. Foreign place, for instance. You must protect yourself. You can go elsewhere.

Make sure you sleep inside a bed net. This is the best way to keep the (Anopheles) mosquitoes away from you. An air-conditioned room will prevent these insects from flying (and seeking new blood), but there's no guarantee. If you can cover yourself with a blanket, then it will be better.

Don't forget to bring a mosquito repellent. It's available, it cost a little. You might seek pricey treatment, in case you get sick.

Drop us a line if you have other suggestions. Better be safe than sorry.

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